Indio Maiz rich biodiversity has been thoroughly researched. However unregistered species or unknown subspecies patterns are still being recorded periodically both in the reserve and in its buffer zone.

Guacimo River Lodge location and the support of Nicaraguan biologist Edgar Castañeda provide a great opportunity to better understand composition, abundance and distribution of biodiversity in Indio Maiz Biosphere Reserve buffer area. Data results, once statistically treated, may provide support in conservation decisions and help inform research.