The second largest biosphere reserve in Nicaragua and one of the best protected lowland tropical rainforests in Central America, Indio Maiz comprises an area of 2,700 square kilometers with the Caribbean Sea in its East boundary and Bartola River in the West. Indio Maiz is home to 65 species of mammals including four species of wild cats, 221 species of birds, 55 species of reptiles, 34 species of amphibians and 149 recorded insect species.
Due to pressure from illegal cattle ranching and logging and the impact of natural disasters, we have witnessed the temporary and permanent migration a higher number of mammals and bird species into the reserve’s buffer zone for nurturing and reproduction needs. The buffer area where the Guacimo Lodge is located has become increasingly important to protect their habitat.
However, Indio Maiz—still remote and difficult to access, and characterized by massive tree species as the Kapok tree, strangling tree or royal cedar—remains as one of the lungs of the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor.